The 13th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held at Bali in Indonesia from December 3 -15, 2007. The conference culminated in the adoption of Bali Road Map, which includes the Bali Action Plan. It covered a wide range of topics. The main focus in Bali was on long-term cooperation and the post-2012 period when the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period expires.

Negotiators spent much of their time seeking to agree on a two-year process - or 'Bali roadmap' - to finalise a post-2012 regime by December 2009. The discussions focused on how to follow up on the 'Dialogue on long term cooperative action to address climate change by enhancing implementation of the Convention'. However, four major building blocks have been established to combat against climate change such as Adaptation, Mitigation, Financing and Technology Transfer.

Developing countries have no immediate restrictions under the UNFCCC. This serves three purposes:
. Avoids restrictions on growth because pollution is strongly linked to industrial growth, and developing economies can potentially grow very fast.
. It means that they cannot sell emissions credits to industrialised nations to permit those nations to over-pollute.
. They get money and technologies from the developed countries in Annex II.

The paper focuses on the concerns of Bangladesh in the face of changing climate arena considering the above issues.